Questões de Língua Inglesa de Concursos

  • questão #355099
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    Heart diseases in younger people are often more
    severe and afflict more often people from India than those in
    developed countries, a study has found. Publishing their
    findings in The Lancet, an Indian-Canadian team of
    researchers analysed data on 20,937 people who suffered heart
    attacks, collected from 89 centres spread across 50 cities in
    India from 2001 2005. They then compared these data with
    similar studies in developed countries.
    The researchers found that 60 per cent of the patients
    had a severe form of heart disease, compared with around
    40 per cent in developed countries. Indian patients are also
    younger, with a mean age of 57 years rather than 63 68 years.
    Three-quarters of Indian heart disease patients are from low
    socio-economic backgrounds. The poorer patients receive
    medical attention late, for reasons including lack of awareness
    of the symptoms and poor access to ambulances. Poorer
    Indians are also less likely to receive treatments proven to save
    lives. The study indicates that higher death rates in poor
    patients are not because of differences in risk factors, but
    because of differences in treatment.
    Eighty per cent of the 7.1 million deaths due to heart
    disease in 2001 took place in poor countries, and India is
    expected to account for 60 per cent of the heart disease burden
    by 2010. Between 1990 and 2020, the number of men with
    heart disease in developing countries is expected to increase by
    137 per cent, and women by 120 per cent, compared with
    30 60 per cent in developed countries.
    India is a likely representative of other nations facing
    similar socio-economic challenges, says Kim Eagle,
    cardiology professor at the University of Michigan Medical
    Center, United States. The increasing obesity epidemic, high
    rate of smoking in certain populations, and variable availability
    of modern medications and treatments create a situation in
    which coronary prevention efforts are far from optimal, he
    said.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Judge the following items according to the text above.
    Late medical attention is one of the causes of high death rates related to heart diseases among Indians.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355100
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    Heart diseases in younger people are often more
    severe and afflict more often people from India than those in
    developed countries, a study has found. Publishing their
    findings in The Lancet, an Indian-Canadian team of
    researchers analysed data on 20,937 people who suffered heart
    attacks, collected from 89 centres spread across 50 cities in
    India from 2001 2005. They then compared these data with
    similar studies in developed countries.
    The researchers found that 60 per cent of the patients
    had a severe form of heart disease, compared with around
    40 per cent in developed countries. Indian patients are also
    younger, with a mean age of 57 years rather than 63 68 years.
    Three-quarters of Indian heart disease patients are from low
    socio-economic backgrounds. The poorer patients receive
    medical attention late, for reasons including lack of awareness
    of the symptoms and poor access to ambulances. Poorer
    Indians are also less likely to receive treatments proven to save
    lives. The study indicates that higher death rates in poor
    patients are not because of differences in risk factors, but
    because of differences in treatment.
    Eighty per cent of the 7.1 million deaths due to heart
    disease in 2001 took place in poor countries, and India is
    expected to account for 60 per cent of the heart disease burden
    by 2010. Between 1990 and 2020, the number of men with
    heart disease in developing countries is expected to increase by
    137 per cent, and women by 120 per cent, compared with
    30 60 per cent in developed countries.
    India is a likely representative of other nations facing
    similar socio-economic challenges, says Kim Eagle,
    cardiology professor at the University of Michigan Medical
    Center, United States. The increasing obesity epidemic, high
    rate of smoking in certain populations, and variable availability
    of modern medications and treatments create a situation in
    which coronary prevention efforts are far from optimal, he
    said.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Judge the following items according to the text above.
    The verb took place (L.22) can correctly be replaced with have taken place.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355101
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    Heart diseases in younger people are often more
    severe and afflict more often people from India than those in
    developed countries, a study has found. Publishing their
    findings in The Lancet, an Indian-Canadian team of
    researchers analysed data on 20,937 people who suffered heart
    attacks, collected from 89 centres spread across 50 cities in
    India from 2001 2005. They then compared these data with
    similar studies in developed countries.
    The researchers found that 60 per cent of the patients
    had a severe form of heart disease, compared with around
    40 per cent in developed countries. Indian patients are also
    younger, with a mean age of 57 years rather than 63 68 years.
    Three-quarters of Indian heart disease patients are from low
    socio-economic backgrounds. The poorer patients receive
    medical attention late, for reasons including lack of awareness
    of the symptoms and poor access to ambulances. Poorer
    Indians are also less likely to receive treatments proven to save
    lives. The study indicates that higher death rates in poor
    patients are not because of differences in risk factors, but
    because of differences in treatment.
    Eighty per cent of the 7.1 million deaths due to heart
    disease in 2001 took place in poor countries, and India is
    expected to account for 60 per cent of the heart disease burden
    by 2010. Between 1990 and 2020, the number of men with
    heart disease in developing countries is expected to increase by
    137 per cent, and women by 120 per cent, compared with
    30 60 per cent in developed countries.
    India is a likely representative of other nations facing
    similar socio-economic challenges, says Kim Eagle,
    cardiology professor at the University of Michigan Medical
    Center, United States. The increasing obesity epidemic, high
    rate of smoking in certain populations, and variable availability
    of modern medications and treatments create a situation in
    which coronary prevention efforts are far from optimal, he
    said.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Judge the following items according to the text above.
    Kim Eagle mentions obesity, pollution and smoking as causes of heart diseases.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355102
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    Heart diseases in younger people are often more
    severe and afflict more often people from India than those in
    developed countries, a study has found. Publishing their
    findings in The Lancet, an Indian-Canadian team of
    researchers analysed data on 20,937 people who suffered heart
    attacks, collected from 89 centres spread across 50 cities in
    India from 2001 2005. They then compared these data with
    similar studies in developed countries.
    The researchers found that 60 per cent of the patients
    had a severe form of heart disease, compared with around
    40 per cent in developed countries. Indian patients are also
    younger, with a mean age of 57 years rather than 63 68 years.
    Three-quarters of Indian heart disease patients are from low
    socio-economic backgrounds. The poorer patients receive
    medical attention late, for reasons including lack of awareness
    of the symptoms and poor access to ambulances. Poorer
    Indians are also less likely to receive treatments proven to save
    lives. The study indicates that higher death rates in poor
    patients are not because of differences in risk factors, but
    because of differences in treatment.
    Eighty per cent of the 7.1 million deaths due to heart
    disease in 2001 took place in poor countries, and India is
    expected to account for 60 per cent of the heart disease burden
    by 2010. Between 1990 and 2020, the number of men with
    heart disease in developing countries is expected to increase by
    137 per cent, and women by 120 per cent, compared with
    30 60 per cent in developed countries.
    India is a likely representative of other nations facing
    similar socio-economic challenges, says Kim Eagle,
    cardiology professor at the University of Michigan Medical
    Center, United States. The increasing obesity epidemic, high
    rate of smoking in certain populations, and variable availability
    of modern medications and treatments create a situation in
    which coronary prevention efforts are far from optimal, he
    said.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Judge the following items according to the text above.
    In the text, the word optimal (L.34) is a synonym for ideal.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355103
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    Heart diseases in younger people are often more
    severe and afflict more often people from India than those in
    developed countries, a study has found. Publishing their
    findings in The Lancet, an Indian-Canadian team of
    researchers analysed data on 20,937 people who suffered heart
    attacks, collected from 89 centres spread across 50 cities in
    India from 2001 2005. They then compared these data with
    similar studies in developed countries.
    The researchers found that 60 per cent of the patients
    had a severe form of heart disease, compared with around
    40 per cent in developed countries. Indian patients are also
    younger, with a mean age of 57 years rather than 63 68 years.
    Three-quarters of Indian heart disease patients are from low
    socio-economic backgrounds. The poorer patients receive
    medical attention late, for reasons including lack of awareness
    of the symptoms and poor access to ambulances. Poorer
    Indians are also less likely to receive treatments proven to save
    lives. The study indicates that higher death rates in poor
    patients are not because of differences in risk factors, but
    because of differences in treatment.
    Eighty per cent of the 7.1 million deaths due to heart
    disease in 2001 took place in poor countries, and India is
    expected to account for 60 per cent of the heart disease burden
    by 2010. Between 1990 and 2020, the number of men with
    heart disease in developing countries is expected to increase by
    137 per cent, and women by 120 per cent, compared with
    30 60 per cent in developed countries.
    India is a likely representative of other nations facing
    similar socio-economic challenges, says Kim Eagle,
    cardiology professor at the University of Michigan Medical
    Center, United States. The increasing obesity epidemic, high
    rate of smoking in certain populations, and variable availability
    of modern medications and treatments create a situation in
    which coronary prevention efforts are far from optimal, he
    said.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Judge the following items according to the text above.
    The verb spread (L.6) can correctly be replaced with spreaded.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355104
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    Heart diseases in younger people are often more
    severe and afflict more often people from India than those in
    developed countries, a study has found. Publishing their
    findings in The Lancet, an Indian-Canadian team of
    researchers analysed data on 20,937 people who suffered heart
    attacks, collected from 89 centres spread across 50 cities in
    India from 2001 2005. They then compared these data with
    similar studies in developed countries.
    The researchers found that 60 per cent of the patients
    had a severe form of heart disease, compared with around
    40 per cent in developed countries. Indian patients are also
    younger, with a mean age of 57 years rather than 63 68 years.
    Three-quarters of Indian heart disease patients are from low
    socio-economic backgrounds. The poorer patients receive
    medical attention late, for reasons including lack of awareness
    of the symptoms and poor access to ambulances. Poorer
    Indians are also less likely to receive treatments proven to save
    lives. The study indicates that higher death rates in poor
    patients are not because of differences in risk factors, but
    because of differences in treatment.
    Eighty per cent of the 7.1 million deaths due to heart
    disease in 2001 took place in poor countries, and India is
    expected to account for 60 per cent of the heart disease burden
    by 2010. Between 1990 and 2020, the number of men with
    heart disease in developing countries is expected to increase by
    137 per cent, and women by 120 per cent, compared with
    30 60 per cent in developed countries.
    India is a likely representative of other nations facing
    similar socio-economic challenges, says Kim Eagle,
    cardiology professor at the University of Michigan Medical
    Center, United States. The increasing obesity epidemic, high
    rate of smoking in certain populations, and variable availability
    of modern medications and treatments create a situation in
    which coronary prevention efforts are far from optimal, he
    said.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Judge the following items according to the text above.
    Indians have genetic characteristics which make them more likely to have heart diseases.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355105
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    The goddess Thetis was a sea nymph, so beautiful that
    the Olympians desired her, and even Zeus was tempted.
    However, an oracle told the gods that the son of Thetis would
    be more magnificent than his father, and so the gods shunned
    her S because they did not want to suffer a similar fate to
    Chronos, whose son Zeus conquered.
    It was decided that Thetis must marry a mortal, and
    Cheiron, the centaur, suggested that a student of his Peleus
    should marry her. She fled from him but was eventually
    captured and married to him. She had many children, and tried
    to make them immortal by dipping them in the Styx and then
    thrusting them into a fire. However, this killed all of them
    except her last-born, whose father saved him from the fire. The
    boy, Achilles, had only been dipped into the Styx, which
    succeeded in protecting him, but since his mother had held him
    by the heel, that part of him was not protected.
    According to legend, Achilles escape from the fire
    was very narrow indeed, with his father pulling him out too late
    to save him from being burnt on the ankle. However, the
    centaur Cheiron helped Peleus once again, by replacing the
    ankle bone of Achilles with one belonging to the giant
    Damysos, a great runner. This was what gave Achilles his
    famous speed.
    An oracle told Achilles that he was destined either to
    have a short yet glorious life, or a long and undistinguished
    one. Achilles chose the more noble course, and when the
    Trojan War began he joined the Greeks and turned out to be a
    tremendous fighter.
    His most famous adventure, however, centres around
    an argument with his king, Agamemnon, during which he
    shunned the battle completely. Without his inspiring presence,
    the Greeks lost a great many men, and begged him to return.
    Achilles compromised he would allow his best friend
    Patrocles to wear his armour, fooling the Trojans into thinking
    he was Achilles and losing heart.
    But then the plan backfired, and Patrocles was killed.
    Achilles was so brokenhearted and upset that he rejoined the
    war, fighting more fiercely than ever and killing the best Trojan
    fighter, Hector. However, he was hated by Apollo, who was
    fighting with the Trojans in the great war, and who killed
    Achilles in battle by shooting an arrow at the only vulnerable
    part of his body his heel.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Judge the following items, based on the text above.
    In line 21, the word one refers to ankle bone.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355106
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    The goddess Thetis was a sea nymph, so beautiful that
    the Olympians desired her, and even Zeus was tempted.
    However, an oracle told the gods that the son of Thetis would
    be more magnificent than his father, and so the gods shunned
    her S because they did not want to suffer a similar fate to
    Chronos, whose son Zeus conquered.
    It was decided that Thetis must marry a mortal, and
    Cheiron, the centaur, suggested that a student of his Peleus
    should marry her. She fled from him but was eventually
    captured and married to him. She had many children, and tried
    to make them immortal by dipping them in the Styx and then
    thrusting them into a fire. However, this killed all of them
    except her last-born, whose father saved him from the fire. The
    boy, Achilles, had only been dipped into the Styx, which
    succeeded in protecting him, but since his mother had held him
    by the heel, that part of him was not protected.
    According to legend, Achilles escape from the fire
    was very narrow indeed, with his father pulling him out too late
    to save him from being burnt on the ankle. However, the
    centaur Cheiron helped Peleus once again, by replacing the
    ankle bone of Achilles with one belonging to the giant
    Damysos, a great runner. This was what gave Achilles his
    famous speed.
    An oracle told Achilles that he was destined either to
    have a short yet glorious life, or a long and undistinguished
    one. Achilles chose the more noble course, and when the
    Trojan War began he joined the Greeks and turned out to be a
    tremendous fighter.
    His most famous adventure, however, centres around
    an argument with his king, Agamemnon, during which he
    shunned the battle completely. Without his inspiring presence,
    the Greeks lost a great many men, and begged him to return.
    Achilles compromised he would allow his best friend
    Patrocles to wear his armour, fooling the Trojans into thinking
    he was Achilles and losing heart.
    But then the plan backfired, and Patrocles was killed.
    Achilles was so brokenhearted and upset that he rejoined the
    war, fighting more fiercely than ever and killing the best Trojan
    fighter, Hector. However, he was hated by Apollo, who was
    fighting with the Trojans in the great war, and who killed
    Achilles in battle by shooting an arrow at the only vulnerable
    part of his body his heel.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Judge the following items, based on the text above.
    When Achilles compromised (L.33), he refused to return to the battlefield.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355107
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    The goddess Thetis was a sea nymph, so beautiful that
    the Olympians desired her, and even Zeus was tempted.
    However, an oracle told the gods that the son of Thetis would
    be more magnificent than his father, and so the gods shunned
    her S because they did not want to suffer a similar fate to
    Chronos, whose son Zeus conquered.
    It was decided that Thetis must marry a mortal, and
    Cheiron, the centaur, suggested that a student of his Peleus
    should marry her. She fled from him but was eventually
    captured and married to him. She had many children, and tried
    to make them immortal by dipping them in the Styx and then
    thrusting them into a fire. However, this killed all of them
    except her last-born, whose father saved him from the fire. The
    boy, Achilles, had only been dipped into the Styx, which
    succeeded in protecting him, but since his mother had held him
    by the heel, that part of him was not protected.
    According to legend, Achilles escape from the fire
    was very narrow indeed, with his father pulling him out too late
    to save him from being burnt on the ankle. However, the
    centaur Cheiron helped Peleus once again, by replacing the
    ankle bone of Achilles with one belonging to the giant
    Damysos, a great runner. This was what gave Achilles his
    famous speed.
    An oracle told Achilles that he was destined either to
    have a short yet glorious life, or a long and undistinguished
    one. Achilles chose the more noble course, and when the
    Trojan War began he joined the Greeks and turned out to be a
    tremendous fighter.
    His most famous adventure, however, centres around
    an argument with his king, Agamemnon, during which he
    shunned the battle completely. Without his inspiring presence,
    the Greeks lost a great many men, and begged him to return.
    Achilles compromised he would allow his best friend
    Patrocles to wear his armour, fooling the Trojans into thinking
    he was Achilles and losing heart.
    But then the plan backfired, and Patrocles was killed.
    Achilles was so brokenhearted and upset that he rejoined the
    war, fighting more fiercely than ever and killing the best Trojan
    fighter, Hector. However, he was hated by Apollo, who was
    fighting with the Trojans in the great war, and who killed
    Achilles in battle by shooting an arrow at the only vulnerable
    part of his body his heel.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Judge the following items, based on the text above.
    The verb form shunned (L.4) in this particular context means ignored,avoided, or rejected.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355108
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    The goddess Thetis was a sea nymph, so beautiful that
    the Olympians desired her, and even Zeus was tempted.
    However, an oracle told the gods that the son of Thetis would
    be more magnificent than his father, and so the gods shunned
    her S because they did not want to suffer a similar fate to
    Chronos, whose son Zeus conquered.
    It was decided that Thetis must marry a mortal, and
    Cheiron, the centaur, suggested that a student of his Peleus
    should marry her. She fled from him but was eventually
    captured and married to him. She had many children, and tried
    to make them immortal by dipping them in the Styx and then
    thrusting them into a fire. However, this killed all of them
    except her last-born, whose father saved him from the fire. The
    boy, Achilles, had only been dipped into the Styx, which
    succeeded in protecting him, but since his mother had held him
    by the heel, that part of him was not protected.
    According to legend, Achilles escape from the fire
    was very narrow indeed, with his father pulling him out too late
    to save him from being burnt on the ankle. However, the
    centaur Cheiron helped Peleus once again, by replacing the
    ankle bone of Achilles with one belonging to the giant
    Damysos, a great runner. This was what gave Achilles his
    famous speed.
    An oracle told Achilles that he was destined either to
    have a short yet glorious life, or a long and undistinguished
    one. Achilles chose the more noble course, and when the
    Trojan War began he joined the Greeks and turned out to be a
    tremendous fighter.
    His most famous adventure, however, centres around
    an argument with his king, Agamemnon, during which he
    shunned the battle completely. Without his inspiring presence,
    the Greeks lost a great many men, and begged him to return.
    Achilles compromised he would allow his best friend
    Patrocles to wear his armour, fooling the Trojans into thinking
    he was Achilles and losing heart.
    But then the plan backfired, and Patrocles was killed.
    Achilles was so brokenhearted and upset that he rejoined the
    war, fighting more fiercely than ever and killing the best Trojan
    fighter, Hector. However, he was hated by Apollo, who was
    fighting with the Trojans in the great war, and who killed
    Achilles in battle by shooting an arrow at the only vulnerable
    part of his body his heel.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Judge the following items, based on the text above.
    The use of the construction It was decided (L.7) suggests that it cannot be known who made the decision.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355109
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    The goddess Thetis was a sea nymph, so beautiful that
    the Olympians desired her, and even Zeus was tempted.
    However, an oracle told the gods that the son of Thetis would
    be more magnificent than his father, and so the gods shunned
    her S because they did not want to suffer a similar fate to
    Chronos, whose son Zeus conquered.
    It was decided that Thetis must marry a mortal, and
    Cheiron, the centaur, suggested that a student of his Peleus
    should marry her. She fled from him but was eventually
    captured and married to him. She had many children, and tried
    to make them immortal by dipping them in the Styx and then
    thrusting them into a fire. However, this killed all of them
    except her last-born, whose father saved him from the fire. The
    boy, Achilles, had only been dipped into the Styx, which
    succeeded in protecting him, but since his mother had held him
    by the heel, that part of him was not protected.
    According to legend, Achilles escape from the fire
    was very narrow indeed, with his father pulling him out too late
    to save him from being burnt on the ankle. However, the
    centaur Cheiron helped Peleus once again, by replacing the
    ankle bone of Achilles with one belonging to the giant
    Damysos, a great runner. This was what gave Achilles his
    famous speed.
    An oracle told Achilles that he was destined either to
    have a short yet glorious life, or a long and undistinguished
    one. Achilles chose the more noble course, and when the
    Trojan War began he joined the Greeks and turned out to be a
    tremendous fighter.
    His most famous adventure, however, centres around
    an argument with his king, Agamemnon, during which he
    shunned the battle completely. Without his inspiring presence,
    the Greeks lost a great many men, and begged him to return.
    Achilles compromised he would allow his best friend
    Patrocles to wear his armour, fooling the Trojans into thinking
    he was Achilles and losing heart.
    But then the plan backfired, and Patrocles was killed.
    Achilles was so brokenhearted and upset that he rejoined the
    war, fighting more fiercely than ever and killing the best Trojan
    fighter, Hector. However, he was hated by Apollo, who was
    fighting with the Trojans in the great war, and who killed
    Achilles in battle by shooting an arrow at the only vulnerable
    part of his body his heel.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Judge the following items, based on the text above.
    Eventually (L.9) means occasionally, not frequently.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355110
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    The goddess Thetis was a sea nymph, so beautiful that
    the Olympians desired her, and even Zeus was tempted.
    However, an oracle told the gods that the son of Thetis would
    be more magnificent than his father, and so the gods shunned
    her S because they did not want to suffer a similar fate to
    Chronos, whose son Zeus conquered.
    It was decided that Thetis must marry a mortal, and
    Cheiron, the centaur, suggested that a student of his Peleus
    should marry her. She fled from him but was eventually
    captured and married to him. She had many children, and tried
    to make them immortal by dipping them in the Styx and then
    thrusting them into a fire. However, this killed all of them
    except her last-born, whose father saved him from the fire. The
    boy, Achilles, had only been dipped into the Styx, which
    succeeded in protecting him, but since his mother had held him
    by the heel, that part of him was not protected.
    According to legend, Achilles escape from the fire
    was very narrow indeed, with his father pulling him out too late
    to save him from being burnt on the ankle. However, the
    centaur Cheiron helped Peleus once again, by replacing the
    ankle bone of Achilles with one belonging to the giant
    Damysos, a great runner. This was what gave Achilles his
    famous speed.
    An oracle told Achilles that he was destined either to
    have a short yet glorious life, or a long and undistinguished
    one. Achilles chose the more noble course, and when the
    Trojan War began he joined the Greeks and turned out to be a
    tremendous fighter.
    His most famous adventure, however, centres around
    an argument with his king, Agamemnon, during which he
    shunned the battle completely. Without his inspiring presence,
    the Greeks lost a great many men, and begged him to return.
    Achilles compromised he would allow his best friend
    Patrocles to wear his armour, fooling the Trojans into thinking
    he was Achilles and losing heart.
    But then the plan backfired, and Patrocles was killed.
    Achilles was so brokenhearted and upset that he rejoined the
    war, fighting more fiercely than ever and killing the best Trojan
    fighter, Hector. However, he was hated by Apollo, who was
    fighting with the Trojans in the great war, and who killed
    Achilles in battle by shooting an arrow at the only vulnerable
    part of his body his heel.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Judge the following items, based on the text above.
    It can be inferred from the text that Styx (L.11) is probably the name of a Greek mountain.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355111
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    The goddess Thetis was a sea nymph, so beautiful that
    the Olympians desired her, and even Zeus was tempted.
    However, an oracle told the gods that the son of Thetis would
    be more magnificent than his father, and so the gods shunned
    her S because they did not want to suffer a similar fate to
    Chronos, whose son Zeus conquered.
    It was decided that Thetis must marry a mortal, and
    Cheiron, the centaur, suggested that a student of his Peleus
    should marry her. She fled from him but was eventually
    captured and married to him. She had many children, and tried
    to make them immortal by dipping them in the Styx and then
    thrusting them into a fire. However, this killed all of them
    except her last-born, whose father saved him from the fire. The
    boy, Achilles, had only been dipped into the Styx, which
    succeeded in protecting him, but since his mother had held him
    by the heel, that part of him was not protected.
    According to legend, Achilles escape from the fire
    was very narrow indeed, with his father pulling him out too late
    to save him from being burnt on the ankle. However, the
    centaur Cheiron helped Peleus once again, by replacing the
    ankle bone of Achilles with one belonging to the giant
    Damysos, a great runner. This was what gave Achilles his
    famous speed.
    An oracle told Achilles that he was destined either to
    have a short yet glorious life, or a long and undistinguished
    one. Achilles chose the more noble course, and when the
    Trojan War began he joined the Greeks and turned out to be a
    tremendous fighter.
    His most famous adventure, however, centres around
    an argument with his king, Agamemnon, during which he
    shunned the battle completely. Without his inspiring presence,
    the Greeks lost a great many men, and begged him to return.
    Achilles compromised he would allow his best friend
    Patrocles to wear his armour, fooling the Trojans into thinking
    he was Achilles and losing heart.
    But then the plan backfired, and Patrocles was killed.
    Achilles was so brokenhearted and upset that he rejoined the
    war, fighting more fiercely than ever and killing the best Trojan
    fighter, Hector. However, he was hated by Apollo, who was
    fighting with the Trojans in the great war, and who killed
    Achilles in battle by shooting an arrow at the only vulnerable
    part of his body his heel.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Judge the following items, based on the text above.
    The expression losing heart (L.35) was used to express the idea that the Trojans became insensitive and, therefore, more effective warriors.
    Certo
    Errado