Questões de Língua Inglesa de Concursos

  • questão #355129
    CESPE - 2014 - MDIC - Analista Técnico-Administrativo
    Assunto: Geral
    Industrial property can usefully be divided into two
    main areas, namely, one that can be characterized as the
    protection of distinctive signs, in particular trademarks which
    distinguish the goods and services of one undertaking from
    those of other undertakings, and geographical indications
    which identify a good as originating in a place where a given
    characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its
    geographical origin.
    The protection of such distinctive signs aims to
    stimulate and ensure fair competition and to protect consumers,
    by enabling them to make informed choices between various
    goods and services. The protection may last indefinitely,
    provided the sign in question continues to be distinctive.
    Other types of industrial property are protected
    primarily to stimulate innovation, design and the creation of
    technology. In this category fall inventions protected by
    patents, industrial designs and trade secrets.
    The social purpose of industrial property is to provide
    protection for the results of investment in the development of
    new technology, thus giving the incentive and means to finance
    research and development activities.
    While the basic social objectives of intellectual
    property protection are as outlined above, it should also be
    noted that the exclusive rights given are generally subject to a
    number of limitations and exceptions, aimed at fine-tuning the
    balance that has to be found between the legitimate interests of
    right holders and of users.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Based on the text above, judge the following items.
    If industrial property laws did not exist, it is likely that there would be less interest in and money for research and development of new technology.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355130
    CESPE - 2014 - MDIC - Analista Técnico-Administrativo
    Assunto: Geral
    Industrial property can usefully be divided into two
    main areas, namely, one that can be characterized as the
    protection of distinctive signs, in particular trademarks which
    distinguish the goods and services of one undertaking from
    those of other undertakings, and geographical indications
    which identify a good as originating in a place where a given
    characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its
    geographical origin.
    The protection of such distinctive signs aims to
    stimulate and ensure fair competition and to protect consumers,
    by enabling them to make informed choices between various
    goods and services. The protection may last indefinitely,
    provided the sign in question continues to be distinctive.
    Other types of industrial property are protected
    primarily to stimulate innovation, design and the creation of
    technology. In this category fall inventions protected by
    patents, industrial designs and trade secrets.
    The social purpose of industrial property is to provide
    protection for the results of investment in the development of
    new technology, thus giving the incentive and means to finance
    research and development activities.
    While the basic social objectives of intellectual
    property protection are as outlined above, it should also be
    noted that the exclusive rights given are generally subject to a
    number of limitations and exceptions, aimed at fine-tuning the
    balance that has to be found between the legitimate interests of
    right holders and of users.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Based on the text above, judge the following items.
    When you make informed choices (L.11), you are still in doubt about something and need further information to make up your mind.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355131
    CESPE - 2014 - MDIC - Analista Técnico-Administrativo
    Assunto: Geral
    Industrial property can usefully be divided into two
    main areas, namely, one that can be characterized as the
    protection of distinctive signs, in particular trademarks which
    distinguish the goods and services of one undertaking from
    those of other undertakings, and geographical indications
    which identify a good as originating in a place where a given
    characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its
    geographical origin.
    The protection of such distinctive signs aims to
    stimulate and ensure fair competition and to protect consumers,
    by enabling them to make informed choices between various
    goods and services. The protection may last indefinitely,
    provided the sign in question continues to be distinctive.
    Other types of industrial property are protected
    primarily to stimulate innovation, design and the creation of
    technology. In this category fall inventions protected by
    patents, industrial designs and trade secrets.
    The social purpose of industrial property is to provide
    protection for the results of investment in the development of
    new technology, thus giving the incentive and means to finance
    research and development activities.
    While the basic social objectives of intellectual
    property protection are as outlined above, it should also be
    noted that the exclusive rights given are generally subject to a
    number of limitations and exceptions, aimed at fine-tuning the
    balance that has to be found between the legitimate interests of
    right holders and of users.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Based on the text above, judge the following items.
    The word aims (L.9) can be correctly replaced with goals.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355132
    CESPE - 2014 - MDIC - Analista Técnico-Administrativo
    Assunto: Geral
    Industrial property can usefully be divided into two
    main areas, namely, one that can be characterized as the
    protection of distinctive signs, in particular trademarks which
    distinguish the goods and services of one undertaking from
    those of other undertakings, and geographical indications
    which identify a good as originating in a place where a given
    characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its
    geographical origin.
    The protection of such distinctive signs aims to
    stimulate and ensure fair competition and to protect consumers,
    by enabling them to make informed choices between various
    goods and services. The protection may last indefinitely,
    provided the sign in question continues to be distinctive.
    Other types of industrial property are protected
    primarily to stimulate innovation, design and the creation of
    technology. In this category fall inventions protected by
    patents, industrial designs and trade secrets.
    The social purpose of industrial property is to provide
    protection for the results of investment in the development of
    new technology, thus giving the incentive and means to finance
    research and development activities.
    While the basic social objectives of intellectual
    property protection are as outlined above, it should also be
    noted that the exclusive rights given are generally subject to a
    number of limitations and exceptions, aimed at fine-tuning the
    balance that has to be found between the legitimate interests of
    right holders and of users.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Based on the text above, judge the following items.
    It is correct to infer that if wine-producers from the French province of Champagne decide to prevent a new kind of sparkling wine made in Brazil to be called champagne, they will have the full support of industrial property laws.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355133
    CESPE - 2014 - MDIC - Analista Técnico-Administrativo
    Assunto: Geral
    Industrial property can usefully be divided into two
    main areas, namely, one that can be characterized as the
    protection of distinctive signs, in particular trademarks which
    distinguish the goods and services of one undertaking from
    those of other undertakings, and geographical indications
    which identify a good as originating in a place where a given
    characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its
    geographical origin.
    The protection of such distinctive signs aims to
    stimulate and ensure fair competition and to protect consumers,
    by enabling them to make informed choices between various
    goods and services. The protection may last indefinitely,
    provided the sign in question continues to be distinctive.
    Other types of industrial property are protected
    primarily to stimulate innovation, design and the creation of
    technology. In this category fall inventions protected by
    patents, industrial designs and trade secrets.
    The social purpose of industrial property is to provide
    protection for the results of investment in the development of
    new technology, thus giving the incentive and means to finance
    research and development activities.
    While the basic social objectives of intellectual
    property protection are as outlined above, it should also be
    noted that the exclusive rights given are generally subject to a
    number of limitations and exceptions, aimed at fine-tuning the
    balance that has to be found between the legitimate interests of
    right holders and of users.

    Internet: (adapted).

    Based on the text above, judge the following items.
    If after some time a certain product that has enjoyed the protection of industrial property laws loses its unique qualities, it will cease to have that status.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355125
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    An understanding of language as open, dynamic, energetic,
    constantly evolving and personal encompasses the rich complexities of
    communication. This expanded view of language also makes
    educational experience more engaging for students. Language is not a
    thing to be studied but a way of seeing, understanding and
    communicating about the world and each language user uses his or her
    language(s) differently to do this. People use language for purposeful
    communication and learning a new language involves learning how to
    use words, rules and knowledge about language and its use in order to
    communicate with speakers of the language.
    This understanding of language sees a language not simply as
    a body of knowledge to be learnt but as a social practice in which to
    participate. Language is something that people do in their daily lives
    and something they use to express, create and interpret meanings and
    to establish and maintain social and interpersonal relationships. If
    language is a social practice of meaning-making and interpretation,
    then it is not enough for language learners just to know grammar and
    vocabulary. They also need to know how that language is used to
    create and represent meanings and how to communicate with others
    and to engage with the communication of others. This requires the
    development of awareness of the nature of language and its impact on
    the world.

    A. Scarino; A. J. Liddicoat. Teaching and learning languages: a guide. Australia: Commonwealth of Australia, 2009, p. 16. Internet: (adapted).

    According to the text, judge the following items.
    Vocabulary and grammar are learned naturally through communication.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355126
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    An understanding of language as open, dynamic, energetic,
    constantly evolving and personal encompasses the rich complexities of
    communication. This expanded view of language also makes
    educational experience more engaging for students. Language is not a
    thing to be studied but a way of seeing, understanding and
    communicating about the world and each language user uses his or her
    language(s) differently to do this. People use language for purposeful
    communication and learning a new language involves learning how to
    use words, rules and knowledge about language and its use in order to
    communicate with speakers of the language.
    This understanding of language sees a language not simply as
    a body of knowledge to be learnt but as a social practice in which to
    participate. Language is something that people do in their daily lives
    and something they use to express, create and interpret meanings and
    to establish and maintain social and interpersonal relationships. If
    language is a social practice of meaning-making and interpretation,
    then it is not enough for language learners just to know grammar and
    vocabulary. They also need to know how that language is used to
    create and represent meanings and how to communicate with others
    and to engage with the communication of others. This requires the
    development of awareness of the nature of language and its impact on
    the world.

    A. Scarino; A. J. Liddicoat. Teaching and learning languages: a guide. Australia: Commonwealth of Australia, 2009, p. 16. Internet: (adapted).

    According to the text, judge the following items.
    The verb makes (L.3) suggests that the action of making educational experience more ingaging for students (L.4) has limited duration.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355127
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    An understanding of language as open, dynamic, energetic,
    constantly evolving and personal encompasses the rich complexities of
    communication. This expanded view of language also makes
    educational experience more engaging for students. Language is not a
    thing to be studied but a way of seeing, understanding and
    communicating about the world and each language user uses his or her
    language(s) differently to do this. People use language for purposeful
    communication and learning a new language involves learning how to
    use words, rules and knowledge about language and its use in order to
    communicate with speakers of the language.
    This understanding of language sees a language not simply as
    a body of knowledge to be learnt but as a social practice in which to
    participate. Language is something that people do in their daily lives
    and something they use to express, create and interpret meanings and
    to establish and maintain social and interpersonal relationships. If
    language is a social practice of meaning-making and interpretation,
    then it is not enough for language learners just to know grammar and
    vocabulary. They also need to know how that language is used to
    create and represent meanings and how to communicate with others
    and to engage with the communication of others. This requires the
    development of awareness of the nature of language and its impact on
    the world.

    A. Scarino; A. J. Liddicoat. Teaching and learning languages: a guide. Australia: Commonwealth of Australia, 2009, p. 16. Internet: (adapted).

    According to the text, judge the following items.
    In each language user uses his or her language(s) differently (L.6-7), the elements his and her indicate possession.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355128
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    An understanding of language as open, dynamic, energetic,
    constantly evolving and personal encompasses the rich complexities of
    communication. This expanded view of language also makes
    educational experience more engaging for students. Language is not a
    thing to be studied but a way of seeing, understanding and
    communicating about the world and each language user uses his or her
    language(s) differently to do this. People use language for purposeful
    communication and learning a new language involves learning how to
    use words, rules and knowledge about language and its use in order to
    communicate with speakers of the language.
    This understanding of language sees a language not simply as
    a body of knowledge to be learnt but as a social practice in which to
    participate. Language is something that people do in their daily lives
    and something they use to express, create and interpret meanings and
    to establish and maintain social and interpersonal relationships. If
    language is a social practice of meaning-making and interpretation,
    then it is not enough for language learners just to know grammar and
    vocabulary. They also need to know how that language is used to
    create and represent meanings and how to communicate with others
    and to engage with the communication of others. This requires the
    development of awareness of the nature of language and its impact on
    the world.

    A. Scarino; A. J. Liddicoat. Teaching and learning languages: a guide. Australia: Commonwealth of Australia, 2009, p. 16. Internet: (adapted).

    According to the text, judge the following items.
    In This understanding of language sees a language not simply as a body of knowledge (L.11-12), as suggests a comparison.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355121
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    An understanding of language as open, dynamic, energetic,
    constantly evolving and personal encompasses the rich complexities of
    communication. This expanded view of language also makes
    educational experience more engaging for students. Language is not a
    thing to be studied but a way of seeing, understanding and
    communicating about the world and each language user uses his or her
    language(s) differently to do this. People use language for purposeful
    communication and learning a new language involves learning how to
    use words, rules and knowledge about language and its use in order to
    communicate with speakers of the language.
    This understanding of language sees a language not simply as
    a body of knowledge to be learnt but as a social practice in which to
    participate. Language is something that people do in their daily lives
    and something they use to express, create and interpret meanings and
    to establish and maintain social and interpersonal relationships. If
    language is a social practice of meaning-making and interpretation,
    then it is not enough for language learners just to know grammar and
    vocabulary. They also need to know how that language is used to
    create and represent meanings and how to communicate with others
    and to engage with the communication of others. This requires the
    development of awareness of the nature of language and its impact on
    the world.

    A. Scarino; A. J. Liddicoat. Teaching and learning languages: a guide. Australia: Commonwealth of Australia, 2009, p. 16. Internet: (adapted).

    According to the text, judge the following items.
    In Language is something that people do in their daily lives (L.13-14), that can be correctly replaced by which without changing the original meaning of the sentence.
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355122
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    An understanding of language as open, dynamic, energetic,
    constantly evolving and personal encompasses the rich complexities of
    communication. This expanded view of language also makes
    educational experience more engaging for students. Language is not a
    thing to be studied but a way of seeing, understanding and
    communicating about the world and each language user uses his or her
    language(s) differently to do this. People use language for purposeful
    communication and learning a new language involves learning how to
    use words, rules and knowledge about language and its use in order to
    communicate with speakers of the language.
    This understanding of language sees a language not simply as
    a body of knowledge to be learnt but as a social practice in which to
    participate. Language is something that people do in their daily lives
    and something they use to express, create and interpret meanings and
    to establish and maintain social and interpersonal relationships. If
    language is a social practice of meaning-making and interpretation,
    then it is not enough for language learners just to know grammar and
    vocabulary. They also need to know how that language is used to
    create and represent meanings and how to communicate with others
    and to engage with the communication of others. This requires the
    development of awareness of the nature of language and its impact on
    the world.

    A. Scarino; A. J. Liddicoat. Teaching and learning languages: a guide. Australia: Commonwealth of Australia, 2009, p. 16. Internet: (adapted).

    According to the text, judge the following items.
    In then it is not enough for language learners just to know grammar and vocabulary (L.17-18), it refers to language .
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355123
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    An understanding of language as open, dynamic, energetic,
    constantly evolving and personal encompasses the rich complexities of
    communication. This expanded view of language also makes
    educational experience more engaging for students. Language is not a
    thing to be studied but a way of seeing, understanding and
    communicating about the world and each language user uses his or her
    language(s) differently to do this. People use language for purposeful
    communication and learning a new language involves learning how to
    use words, rules and knowledge about language and its use in order to
    communicate with speakers of the language.
    This understanding of language sees a language not simply as
    a body of knowledge to be learnt but as a social practice in which to
    participate. Language is something that people do in their daily lives
    and something they use to express, create and interpret meanings and
    to establish and maintain social and interpersonal relationships. If
    language is a social practice of meaning-making and interpretation,
    then it is not enough for language learners just to know grammar and
    vocabulary. They also need to know how that language is used to
    create and represent meanings and how to communicate with others
    and to engage with the communication of others. This requires the
    development of awareness of the nature of language and its impact on
    the world.

    A. Scarino; A. J. Liddicoat. Teaching and learning languages: a guide. Australia: Commonwealth of Australia, 2009, p. 16. Internet: (adapted).

    According to the text, judge the following items.
    The word They (L.18) refers to grammar and vocabulary .
    Certo
    Errado
  • questão #355124
    CESPE - 2014 - SEE - AL - Professor - Inglês
    Assunto: Geral
    An understanding of language as open, dynamic, energetic,
    constantly evolving and personal encompasses the rich complexities of
    communication. This expanded view of language also makes
    educational experience more engaging for students. Language is not a
    thing to be studied but a way of seeing, understanding and
    communicating about the world and each language user uses his or her
    language(s) differently to do this. People use language for purposeful
    communication and learning a new language involves learning how to
    use words, rules and knowledge about language and its use in order to
    communicate with speakers of the language.
    This understanding of language sees a language not simply as
    a body of knowledge to be learnt but as a social practice in which to
    participate. Language is something that people do in their daily lives
    and something they use to express, create and interpret meanings and
    to establish and maintain social and interpersonal relationships. If
    language is a social practice of meaning-making and interpretation,
    then it is not enough for language learners just to know grammar and
    vocabulary. They also need to know how that language is used to
    create and represent meanings and how to communicate with others
    and to engage with the communication of others. This requires the
    development of awareness of the nature of language and its impact on
    the world.

    A. Scarino; A. J. Liddicoat. Teaching and learning languages: a guide. Australia: Commonwealth of Australia, 2009, p. 16. Internet: (adapted).

    According to the text, judge the following items.
    Language is a social practice.
    Certo
    Errado